As you review criteria three, The manuscript’s discussion of the literature on the subject matter, determine whether or not the author deliberately and explicitly draw upon literature that is directly related to the issues addressed in the manuscript? In this regard, is there evidence that the author took the time to conduct a comprehensive literature review and draws on the most recent scholarship that is available?
Within the article, we expect the author to demonstrate a reasonable knowledge of the literature. A combination of old and new literature is fine. In most cases the exclusive use of old literature is problematic.
When an author pursues publication for a manuscript. The author must demonstrate an above average knowledge of the subject manner. The question that must be asked: Does the author know the literature?